What is Diabetes?

What is Diabetes?

What is diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus or simply ‘diabetes’ is a chronic metabolic infection that results when the body fails to utilize the blood glucose commonly referred to as blood sugar. It occurs after the pancreas fails to release enough insulin to act on the sugar or when the body cells fail to respond on the produced insulin. As much as the blood glucose plays an integral part in our normal body functions, too much of it can trigger serious health issues. All the diabetic types are as a result of the infiltrated amounts of blood glucose in our bodies.

To have an incisive understanding of what diabetes is, one will have to understand the role insulin and know how the body regulates the blood sugar under a normal condition. Carbohydrates and sugar are processed in the liver to produce glucose that gives energy to the body. The insulin hormone, regulates the amount of sugar available in blood. With the increase in blood sugar, insulin will stimulate cells to absorb the sugar for their energy. The same insulin will also stimulate the liver to absorb the excessive sugar in blood and store it. The insulin levels falls in case the amount of sugar is low.

Glucagon is another hormone that regulates the blood sugar. It stimulates the liver to release the stored glucose for energy release in the body. From these explanations, so what is diabetes?

Diabetes, is therefore a condition that occurs when there in no sufficient insulin in the body to keep the glucose in the body in balance. These excess sugar damages blood vessels triggering a number of complications like stroke, heart diseases, eye damage, blindness and kidney failure. Diabetes will also raise your amputation chances to over 15% making it a more fatal condition.

With the increased consumption of sugary products, diabetes has been on the rise with over 30 million people being infected. A bigger fraction of the affected aren’t aware of having the infection with a high rate of new patients being diagnosed yearly. The rise of the infection curve has been on the zenith with more deaths resulting from the diabetic conditions. However, all these can be avoided if the patients follows the doctors medications more seriously and ensure that they have a proper diet. Monitoring the blood sugar level is also as important as you wanting to stay alive,and it should be done regularly. Diabetes still remains to be one of the dangerous diseases and it is better prevented than cured.

Treatments for Type 2 Diabetes

Treatments for Type 2 Diabetes

Treatments for Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is one of the common form diabetes in our world today. Any person can get this type of a disease. That is, both men, women, old and young children in our society. However, the most people with the highest risk for this disease are those with high blood pressure, overweight, aged and even those who are inactive.

Research has been carried out showing that, many individuals are diagnosed with types 2 diabetes, but they are unaware of the high risks they are likely to face.  In most cases, when one has be diagnosed with this disease it means that his or her body does not produce enough amount of insulin. Besides, there is a high chance that the cells present in the body ignore the insulin. Insulin is known to play an important role in our bodies. It enables the body to produce glucose for energy.

There are various ways of treating diabetes 2.

One of the major ways is to keep watch on the blood sugars. This is where an individual should keep watch on the kind of food she takes. There are diets with high sugar level and one is supposed to avoid them completely. It is also advisable for one to find other medicines which are not interfere with the diabetes medications and injections. This requires regular doctor visits, who will keep directing you on what is right for you and not good for your health.

On the other hand, it is very important for one to carry out some exercises, especially those who are overweight. This is because they are the most prone folks diagnosed with this kind of a disease. Exercises can help one to lose weight and also help in breaking down fats. Frequent checks by an individual are the surest ways of determine if one has type 1 or type 2 diabetes.

Treatments For Type 1 Diabetes

Treatments For Type 1 Diabetes

Treatments For Type 1 Diabetes

Type  1 diabetes is also known as juvenile diabetes as it affects younger people of ages twelve or thirteen. It is the severest form of diabetes where insulin is not formed. Insulin is the hormone which helps the body for using blood sugar and glucose. This hormone is produced in Pancreas. When insulin is not produced, the cells of the body cannot use glucose for producing energy. This results in burning of fat that produces Ketones. If the level of this rises too high it can even results in death. The treatment includes injecting insulin in the bloodstream. This injection is pierced in the fatty layer of body which is buttocks or thighs. This helps in greater absorption of the insulin.

Treatments of type 1 diabetes are life long as it cannot be cured completely. Thus the person suffering from this disease should be fully aware of this condition and everything related to it. This will help in managing the disease effectively. The objective of this treatment is keeping the blood sugar level in control as high and low level can cause severe complications of health.

The treatments of type 1 diabetes includes –  Balancing the diet- the diet should be nutritious which has to be regularly taken at a specified time. Food which adversely affects this disease should be avoided.  Monitoring of the blood sugar level- blood sugar level can rise and fall drastically which can lead to various complications. Thus monitoring it through out the day is very important. It can be done with the help of home blood sugar meter.

Taking insulin- insulin has to be injected regularly. Insulin can be long-acting insulin, rapid-acting insulin or mix of these two.  Medical check-ups- routine check up by the doctor is of utmost importance as the doctor may adjust the insulin quantity according to the sugar level. Functioning of the kidney, eye and heart has to be regularly examined because fluctuations of sugar level adversely affect these organs.  Change in lifestyle- people suffering from this diabetes have to give importance to nutrition, exercise regularly and keep a watch on their weight.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes

 

Diabetes has been a serious medical problem for a long time and it affects different age sets including children. It is characterized by unstable blood sugar levels in the body system. However, different types of diabetes will have different symptoms and this call for specific types of treatment. The most common types of diabetes include; type 2 diabetes , gestational diabetes, latent autoimmune diabetes, and type 1 diabetes. It is also important for you to understand that certain types of diabetes are prevalent in certain age groups, whereas others cut across all the age groups. For instance, diabetes type 2 can affect children as well as adults.

Causes, symptoms, and treatment of diabetes type 2

It has been medically proven type 2 diabetes is caused by multiple factors. This occurs in situations where the pancreas stops producing insulin, or when it produces little insulin to the body system. Note that it can affect healthy people not necessarily those that are obese. In addition, you can develop this type of diabetes when the body fails to respond to the insulin that has been produced. This means that the body system has either developed insulin resistance, or there is no enough insulin produced by the pancreas. This is a genetic and lifestyle disease.

There are certain conditions and groups of people that are at the highest risk of getting this type of diabetes. This includes persons over the age of 45 years, those who are predisposed genetically and have family members who suffer from it, and also people who are overweight. High triglycerides and very low HDL cholesterol can lead to development of type 2 diabetes. It is paramount to understand that those that have suffered gestational diabetes are at a higher risk of developing this type of diabetes. The good news is that it can be treated using by medically regulating the glucose levels. You also have to maintain a good body mass index, eat a healthy diet, and exercise regularly.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes-

The biochemical disorder affecting the body’s ability for the use of sugar, starches and carbohydrates is called Diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is also called “juvenile diabetes” as it affects young people mostly adolescents and children. In this type of diabetes, sufficient insulin is not produced or insulin cannot be used effectively for breaking down sugar or glucose in the blood for the body’s availability. This is believed to be a genetic condition.

The cause of Type 1 diabetes is due to the partial destruction of pancreatic secreting beta cell. Patients suffering from this diabetes suffer weight loss and also needs insulin. This diabetes is also caused due to the presence of islet cell antibodies. These antibodies are responsible for attacking and destroying the cells of the pancreas which makes insulin. In many cases it can also be caused by environmental condition.

The symptoms of the type 1 diabetes include blurred vision, dry skin and mouth, weight loss, fatigue, frequent urination, extreme thirst and hunger and frequent kin infections. This diabetes can be diagnosed with the help of several tests like blood test for anti bodies, fasting blood sugar test, blood sugar test and hemoglobin test.

The treatment of Type 1 diabetes requires optimization of your nutrition. But the best defense for this disease is exercise and diet. This treatment is for life long which requires a change in the eating habit that provides the right amount of fats, proteins and carbohydrates. Eating regularly within a specified time is very important. These are autoimmune diabetes which requires antioxidants for their natural treatment. genetic, enviromental and auto immune factors are responsible for this diabetes.  There are several precautions which have to be taken for keeping the blood sugar level in check. This includes proper knowledge of this condition, monitoring of the blood sugar level, taking insulin, change in life style and frequent medical check ups.

Types of Diabetes

Types of Diabetes

 HOW TO IDENTIFY THE VARIOUS TYPES OF DIABETES

Although diabetes is a very common disease, many people do not know about it. Increased cases of this metabolic disease should be a concern. Since prevention is better than cure, it is important to know about the disease in order to take preventive measures. The following are types of diabetes:

1) Type-1 diabetes  

This type of diabetes is paramount among new-born babies and children. Basically, it occurs as a result of an autoimmune body system. In this case, the body immune system fails to fight infections and ends up attacking non infectious body cells. Beta cells in the pancreas easily fall victim to the internal attacks and the victim’s body is unable to produce insulin. Common symptoms of diabetes type-1 include increased thirst, blurred vision and unexpected weight loss. The disease is treated by taking shots of insulin daily. If the patient fails to take the shot, they easily collapse to a coma which can be a life-threatening condition. The disease is also called juvenile diabetes because unlike other types of diabetes, it mainly attacks young ones.

2) Type-2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes or adult onset diabetes is the most common of all the types of diabetes. The disease occurs because of inappropriate health lifestyles and family history. That means poor diet and lack of body exercise among adults is the main cause of the disease. Patients are non dependent on insulin treatment in the first stages. However, if the victim does not take any relevant measures, they ending being insulin dependant. Increased thirst and weight, frequent urination and fatigue are the major symptoms of Type-2 diabetes.

3) Gestational diabetes  

This disease is unique to pregnant mothers. The difference between Gestational diabetes and other types of diabetes is the fact that it goes away after pregnancy. Nevertheless, that does not mean that the mother or the child is not at a high risk of getting the disease later in their lives. The main cause of the disease is the change in hormonal balance of the pregnant mother. The disease is not common compared to other types of diabetes.